W. Nazarewicz

Towards the Universal Nuclear Energy Density Functional

A critical challenge for nuclear theory is the quest for the universal energy density functional, which will be able to describe properties of finite nuclei (static properties, collective states, large-amplitude collective motion) as well as extended asymmetric nucleonic matter (e.g., as found in neutron stars). Self-consistent methods based on the density functional theory have already achieved a level of sophistication and precision which allows analyses of experimental data for a wide range of properties and for arbitrarily heavy nuclei. Developing a universal nuclear density functional will require a better understanding of the density dependence, isospin effects, and pairing, as well as an improved treatment of symmetry breaking effects and many-body correlations.